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Menopause: Diagnosis and Complications

by icontrolmyhealth
Menopause: Diagnosis and Complications ~ IControlMyHealth

Although the diagnosis of menopause can be made by a patient’s medical history and symptoms of menopause, laboratory testing is performed to confirm the same. A good diagnosis always considers many factors. Therefore the diagnosis of menopause should be a combination of all three factors, i.e. medical history, symptoms, and lab tests.

Medical History + Symptoms + Lab Tests = Diagnosis

Diagnosis in menopausal women should start with an assessment of the following steps:

  • Record all medical history, and maternal menopausal history including risk factors for breast cancer, thromboembolic disease, and osteoporosis.
  • A detailed record of a woman’s menstrual cycle history (ideally with a menstrual calendar) is taken.
  • A detailed history of menopausal symptoms such as (hot flashes, sleep disturbances, depression, and vaginal dryness) is taken.
  • Lab tests should be performed.
  • All women with symptoms of vaginal dryness, dyspareunia, or sexual dysfunction should have a pelvic exam to evaluate vaginal atrophy.

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