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Gastritis: Types, Causes, And Symptoms

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Gastritis: Types, Causes, And Symptoms ~ Control Health


Gastritis is an inflammation, erosion, and irritation of the stomach lining that occurs suddenly or gradually over time. It is usually caused due to several causes. The inflammation in It is due to the regular use of certain pain relievers or the result of infection of the bacterium, which is the reason behind most stomach ulcers. In some cases, this problem is acute and improves after some time, but in some cases, it lasts for years.

Types of Gastritis

Two common types of It are the following:

1. Erosive(reactive) Gastritis:

  • Erosive Gastritis, also known as reactive Gastritis, causes erosion and inflammation in the stomach lining. This condition usually develops due to several reasons, such as smoking, Excessive intake of Alcohol, NSAIDs, and corticosteroids, stress, injury, and some viral or bacterial infection.

2. Non-erosive Gastritis:

  • Gastritis also causes inflammation in the stomach’s lining but without erosion.

Causes of Gastritis

It commonly occurs when any things damage or weaken the stomach lining. There are several reasons which trigger this condition, and some of them are the following:

1. Excessive intake of Alcohol:

  • Excessive intake of Alcohol irritates and harms the lining of the stomach.

2. Bacterial infection:

  • Bacterial infection of H.pylori is one of the main reasons behind stomach ulcers and chronic Gastritis. These bacteria also harm the stomach lining, which results in inflammation.

3. Autoimmune disease:

  • Due to some reasons, the body’s immune system gets weakened and starts to attack the healthy cells in the stomach lining, which also results in it.

4. Medication:

  • Continuous medication such as corticosteroids or NSAIDs to manage chronic pain can also cause inflammation in the stomach lining.

5. Bile reflux:

  • Bile fluid is produced by the liver to digest fatty foods, and Reflux means to flow backward, so bile reflux means moving bile back to the stomach instead of moving forward to the small intestine. This issue results in inflammation or irritation in the stomach.

6. Physical Stress:

  • A sudden or severe injury or illness, such as brain injuries or severe burns, can also result from Gastritis. It can also develop due to a trauma that does not involve the stomach. 

Symptoms of Gastritis

It doesn’t always have signs or symptoms, but some common signs and symptoms of It are the following:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Indigestion
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Block stools
  • Hiccups
  • Blood in vomit
  • A sensation of fullness after eating in the upper abdomen
  • Indigestion or burning sensation in the upper stomach that turns better or worse during eating

When to see a doctor

Almost everyone suffers from indigestion or stomach irritation nowadays caused due to several reasons. Most common cases of these issues are acute and do not require any medical aid, while some are chronic; they develop gradually over time and last a week or months.

Take immediate medical help if you suffer from extreme pain, indigestion, or uncontrollable vomiting. Your condition worsens if your vomit has blood and you notice blood in your stools.

Diagnosis of Gastritis

During diagnosis, our healthcare provider also asks about your medical history and symptoms and orders the following tests:

1. Upper digestive system X-ray:

  • In an X-ray of the digestive tract, the doctor asks you to drink a chalky liquid that coats the inside lining of your digestive tract. With the help of the coating, the doctor quickly diagnoses the inner condition of your esophagus, stomach, and upper intestine.

2. Upper endoscopy:

  • During upper endoscopy, the doctor inserts a very thin, flexible tube into your throat with a light and camera over it. This test helps check inflammation and internal condition of your stomach and esophagus.

3. Stools test:

  • A stool test is used to detect H.pylori bacteria in the stool of the patient.

4. Blood test:

  • This blood test checks the antibodies that fight against the H.pylori bacteria.

5. Breath test:

  • The breath test detects the presence of H.pylori bacteria in your body. During the breath test, you are asked to take a liquid or capsule containing urea (a harmless radioactive material) and inhale it in a ballon-like bag. H.pylori bacteria can change urea into carbon dioxide, and the test shows increased carbon dioxide while breathing.

Treatment of Gastritis

The following methods are recommended to treat Gastritis:

  • Avoiding hot and spicy foods because they cause irritation and inflammation in the stomach
  • Take antacids and some other medicines, such as H-2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors, to decrease the level of stomach acid.
  • If Gastritis caused due to pernicious anemia, B12 shots are recommended for the patients.
  • pylori bacteria are one of the leading causes of Gastritis; the doctor will prescribe the patient a course of antibiotics and acid-blocking drugs to treat this issue.
  • Reduce the use of lactose from dairy and gluten from wheat to get rid of Gastritis.

If the cause behind its diagnosis is adequately treated, patients quickly get rid of the problem. Contact your doctor before starting or stopping any medication for it.

Complications of Gastritis

If the Gastritis is not treated at the proper time, it may lead to many other complications, such as stomach ulcers and stomach bleeding. Chronic Gastritis also increases the risk of stomach cancer in the body, especially when you have extreme thinning of the stomach lining.

Reference list

  • https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/digestive-diseases-gastritis
  • https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gastritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355807#:~:text=Gastritis%20is%20a%20general%20term,use%20of%20certain%20pain%20relievers.
  • https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gastritis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355813
  • https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/10349-gastritis
  • https://www.healthline.com/health/gastritis

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