How Is Depression Treated?
Depression is a treatable illness, even in serious cases. The treatment choice depends on the degree and type of depression and other accompanying conditions. It also may depend on age, pregnancy status, or other individual factors. Most people with depression can be treated in an office setting by a psychiatrist. In people with severe symptoms, hospitalization may be warranted to provide protection from further deterioration or self-harm. People who suffer from major depression sometimes pose a risk to other especially when they are irritated and violent.
Antidepressants medications are prescribed by HCP, usually for depression that is moderate or severe. They primarily work on neurotransmitters. These drugs treat the symptoms of depression. There are many different types, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI), tricyclic antidepressants, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors. (Refer table 1 for details of drug in each class)
The common side effects of these medications include dizziness, low blood pressure, dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, and urinary retention.
Table 1: Antidepressant Drugs
Your HCP might recommend you some other medications like stimulants, mood-stabilizing medications, anti-anxiety medications, or antipsychotic medications. These drugs are sometimes prescribed in combination with the antidepressant drugs for better effect. This strategy is known as augmentation.