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Control Asthma by Controlling Triggers

Control Asthma by Controlling Triggers

If you have asthma your airways are more sensitive and easily react to certain things called ‘triggers.’ The airways become swollen and narrow down due to the inflammation caused by triggers. Controlling these triggers will help you to reduce the symptoms of asthma.

Possible Triggers that Cause Asthma

  • Dust mites from mattresses, bedding, carpets, curtains, and indoor dust
  • Pollen from flowers, trees, grass, and weeds
  • Tobacco smoke
  • Furry animals
  • Birds
  • Mold
  • Cockroaches
  • Food additives like sulfites
  • Household cleaner, such as ammonia or bleach
  • Vehicle exhaust
  • Smog
  • Aerosol sprays
  • Strong odors
  • Cold air
  • Hot air
  • Emotions, such as laughing or crying
  • Weather changes

 

Do’s and Don’ts to Avoid the Allergens and Control Your Asthma

Allergen/pollutant

Do’s Don’ts

Dust mites

  • Wash bedding on the hottest water setting each week to kill the dust mites
  • Change air conditioning and heater filters on a regular basis
  • Cover mattress and pillows with dust-mite-proof cases
  • Do not put horizontal blinds, it can collect dust
  • Do not keep any stuffed animals or clutter in your bedroom

Animals Furs

  • If you want to have a pet, choose the one that does not have fur or feathers e.g. fish
  • You may choose a smaller dog, which will shed less fur and dander(dried skin) than will a larger dog
  • Wash your hands and clothes after handling pets

If at all you have a furry animal at home, Don’t allow them inside the bedroom

Mold

  • Clean damp areas, such as shower stalls and sinks regularly
  • Run an exhaust fan while bathing
  • Repair any water leaks to prevent mold growth

Don’t use vaporizers, humidifiers, or evaporative coolers

Pollen

  • If you want to have a pet, choose the one that does not have fur or feathers e.g. fish
  • You may choose a smaller dog, which will shed less fur and dander(dried skin) than will a larger dog
  • Wash your hands and clothes after handling pets

If at all you have a furry animal at home, Don’t allow them inside the bedroom

Cockroaches

  • Try to find which pollens are you allergic to based on season so as to avoid them
  • Use air conditioning instead of opening the windows in your home or car

Don’t go out during the time of high pollen levels

Smoke

  • Try to find which pollens are you allergic to based on season so as to avoid them
  • Use air conditioning instead of opening the windows in your home or car

Don’t go out during the time of high pollen levels

Strong odors and chemicals

  • Use scent-free products
  • Use exhaust fans while cooking to reduce odors

Don’t use room fresheners, perfume or insect sprays in your house

 

Self-care is the most vital part of daily life if you are suffering from asthma. You can do several things for your own health and can diminish the risk of asthma attacks. Get familiar with some lifestyle changes you can follow to keep asthma under control.

 

References:

  1. Common Asthma Triggers. http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/triggers.html
  2. Reduce Asthma Triggers. http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/asthma/taking-control-of-asthma/reduce-...
  3. Asthma Do’s and Don’ts. Available online: http://docs.phs.org/idc/groups/public/@phs/@php/documents/phscontent/pel_00061971.pdf. Accessed May 20, 2014.
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