Published, April 18, 2013
Obesity with Eating Disorder Impairs Quality Of Life, Reveals a New Study
The findings from a recent study suggest that, obese patients undergoing surgery and having an eating disorder show a low quality of mental and physical health. When all the efforts with diet, exercise, and weight loss medications fail, bariatric surgery is considered as a potential option. Many of the obese individuals seeking surgery treatment, report that they have an eating disorder. Both obesity and eating disorder impairs physical function and decreases general feeling of well-being. Thus, obese individuals with a co-morbid eating disorder may experience an extra burden.
A recent study analyzed the physical and mental health related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients referred to St. Olavs University Hospital for laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. Out of the total 209 patients, 160 responded with given questionnaires related to their quality of life. Questionnaires assessed the activity and role limitations due to physical or emotional problems. Higher the score obtained in mental component summary (MCS) and physical component summary (PCS), greater the quality of life.
The study participants were divided into three diagnostic categories as
(1) People with Binge eating disorder (BED)
(2) People with sub-diagnostic binge eating disorder (SBED, reduced frequency regarding binge eating episodes),
(3) People with no eating disorder.
On evaluating the given questionnaires, the researchers found that patients with BED and with SBED showed lower scores, indicating poor HRQoL. The researchers also noted that higher education was associated with significantly better physical HRQoL than low education.
The results concluded that the presence of symptoms of an eating disorder impairs quality of life in obese patients. These patients need additional treatment interventions that focus on their mental health to improve their mental HRQoL.
Sandberg RM, Dahl Jk, et al. Health-Related Quality of Life in Obese Presurgery Patients with and without Binge Eating Disorder, and Subdiagnostic Binge Eating Disorders. Journal of Obesity. 2013: Article ID 878310.