Pain is an uncomfortable feeling triggered in the nervous system. The International Association for the Study of Pain defines it as ‘An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage’.
Pain is a uniquely personal experience and every individual who suffers pain, feels and reacts to it differently. Therefore, assessment of pain is important before deciding the treatment options to ensure that the clinician has a clear idea of patient's needs and areas of difficulty.
Chronic pain can prevent you from doing daily activities and also have an impact on social and personal life. Therefore, the primary goal of treatment is to reduce the feeling of pain and help you get back to your activities, which are otherwise affected. Treatments for pain can be broadly categorized as pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic.
Coping with Pain
Pain can impact each person differently. Even though two people appear to have the same injuries or illnesses they may feel and express pain differently. When pain is persistent or chronic, it starts affecting your social relationships, your ability to function at work and home, and even your mental health.
Low back pain (LBP) is the most commonly observed musculoskeletal pain disorder. About 90 percent of the world’s population faces this kind of pain at least once in a lifetime. LBP can be acute or chronic in nature. Acute LBP usually lasts up to three months.