Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder in which the bones become soft, porous, thin, fragile, and reduce in bone mass. The bones also loose calcium and other mineral components and are more prone to fractures.
Bone mass is maintained by a process whereby cells breakdown and re-form bone. With age, our bones break down more quickly than they re-form.
Fractures are the most dangerous aspect of osteoporosis. Osteoporotic fractures are also called fragility fractures, as they are generally caused without an obvious sign of trauma.
Biochemical markers of bone reabsorbtion are simple blood or urine tests that can help determine the amount of bone loss. Bone is composed of a living protein framework and when it breaks down
It is very difficult to rebuild the bone again completely that has been weakened by osteoporosis. Therefore, prevention of osteoporosis is as important as its treatment.
Although, medicines and life-style changes can help to manage osteoporosis, it is not possible to reverse the degenerative changes.